Brownlow Papers

Repository: Public Record Office of Northern Ireland

Identity Statement

TitleBrownlow Papers
Archive ReferenceGB 0255 PRONI/D1928
Web Link to this Entry
Creation Dates1591-1954
Extent Medium286 Boxes containing 520 volumes + c 9,300 numbered documents


Creator(s): Brownlow family, Barons Lurgan, County Armagh

  • Administrative History ↴

    Under the Plantation of Ulster, John Brownlow of Nottingham offered himself as an undertaker of land in ONeilland, Co. Armagh. He was granted the 'middle proportion' of Doughcoron in the barony of O'Neill and by patent from James I, 29 May 1610. Doughcoron contained 1,500 acres and included the townlands of Taberhany, Aghenecloghly, Keilmarigie, Tirnurye, Doughcoron, Taunaghvore, Knockneseggan, Lurgyvalyvackon, Balliblagh, Derry, Dromonavahir, Taunaghnoreinkellymory, Dromonicolla, Kanagow, Clonrolla, Lisocorran, Lorogine-Itarry, Clan-Igollavorist, Dunhjnagreih, Corakinegeir, Killaghy, Tollidegon, Tollyconnally, and Dromonikeherny. Shankill and half of Aghnecloghie, some 90 acres, were exempted from the grant and reserved as glebe land for the church. On 13 June 1610 John Brownlow's son, William, was granted by James I, 1,000 acres, the proportion of Ballynemony. This land also lay on the southern shore of Lough Neagh, adjacent to his father's land, and stretched from the upper Bann eastward to Doughcoron. His grant consisted of the townlands of Derryvieasse, Bechonill, Knockrawre, Ballynemany, Tanaghvore, Leggachory, Moynrege, Tollygalla and Teghevan. Kinenereganbeg, containing 60 acres, was exempted from the grant and reserved as glebe land for the church. With the death of John Brownlow, his son, William inherited his property. By 1620 we learn that 'He hath made a very fair town, consisting of 42 houses, all of which are inhabited with English families, and the streets all paved clean through; also two water mills, and a third mill, all for corn; and he hath store for arms in his house ... planted and estated on the land ... 57 British families ... 52 lessees and 5 freeholders ... and all these have taken the Oath of Supremacy and are able to make 100 men with arms ... and not one Irish family upon all the land.' In 1622 William was knighted by Sir Henry Cary, Viscount Falkland, lord deputy of Ireland. On 22 June 1629 there was a re-grant to Sir William Brownlow of Doughcoron and Ballynemony, now united as the manor of Brownlowsderry, comprising the townlands, of Derryinver, Derryloste, Derrytrasna, Ardmore, Derryadd, Derrymacash, Derrytagh, Ballynery, Annalost, Kinnegoe, Chanrolla, Turmoyra, Boconnell, Knockramer, Ballynamoney, Aghacommon, Tannaghmore West, Tullygalley, Legaghory, Monbrief, Taghnevan, Aughnacloy, Silverwood, Toberhavny, Tannaghmore South, Balliyblagh, Ballylurgan, Derry, Shankill, Tannaghmore North, Knocknashane, Taughrane, Drumnamoe, Dougher, Clankilvoragh, Lurgantorry, Cornakinnegar, Tullydagan, Killaghy, Tullyronnelly, Drumnykerne and Donagoreagh. While we learn from Pynnar's survey that there were no Irish on Brownlow's land in 1620, Rev. George Hill points out that 'Sir William Brownlow must have soon afterwards yielded to the temptation (which no undertakers could long withstand) of the high rents and ready payments yielded by native tenants, for it was found by inquisition that, in, 1630, he had more than the permitted number of this class on his estate ...' However, T.G.F. Patterson, writing in the County Louth Archaeological Journal disagrees, saying '... in actual fact the evidence points the other way.' He believes Sir William Brownlow was influenced by his Irish wife, Eleanor O'Doherty of Innishowen, who wished to help her compatriots and influenced her husband towards a more sympathetic policy in regard to Irish tenants. -Extracted from a full account of the Brownlow family and papers in the PRONI catalogue:
  • Archival History ↴

    The collection was deposited with the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland by Watson & Neill Solicitors, Lurgan, Co. Armagh on behalf of the late John Desmond Cavendish Brownlow, 5th Baron Lurgan.
  • Immediate Source Acquisition ↴


Content & Structure

  • Scope & Content: Brownlow family, Barons Lurgan, County Armagh ↴

    With some exceptions, the Brownlow papers can be described as an estate archive, documenting the history and management of the Brownlows’ estate. It relates largely to their land in the manors of Brownlowsderry and Richmount in the Lurgan area, Co. Armagh, including Lurgan town itself and the adjacent areas of west Down and south-west Antrim, 1619-1960, but also to property in Magheracloone parish, barony of Farney, Co. Monaghan, 1753-94, and in Philipstown parish, barony of Ardee, Co. Louth, 1753.

  • Appraisal Destruction ↴

    Permanent Retention
  • Arrangement ↴

    D1928/A Accounts (1709-1933)
    D1928/A/1 Business and estates (1709-1892) (15 items)
    D1928/A/2 Family and personal (1727-1880) (11 items)
    D1928/A/3 Ledgers (1827-1863) (13 items)
    D1928/A/4 Cash Books (1826-1914) (25 items)
    D1928/A/5 Journals (1831-1878) (13 items)
    D1928/A/6 Miscellaneous (1810-1933) (7 items)

    D1928/C Correspondence (1877 – 1945)
    D1928/C/1 Letter books (1883-1945) (18 items)
    D1928/C/2 Loose letters (1889-1944) (c.100 items)
    D1928/C/3 Miscellaneous (1877-1892) (c.20 items)

    D1928/E Ejectment records

    D1928/F Freeholders registers

    D1928/H Household Inventories and Accounts

    D1928/I Irish Land Commission papers

    D1928/J Judicial: Manorial Court Books

    D1928/L Leasebooks and leases

    D1928/M Mill records

    D1928/O Official material

    D1928/P Plans and maps

    D1928/R Rentals

    D1928/S Schools

    D1928/T Title deeds

    D1928/V Valuation and surveys

    D1928/W Wages books

    D1928/Z Miscellaneous

Conditions of Access & Use

Access Conditions The collection can be consulted in the reading room in PRONI in accordance with PRONI's rules and regulations.
Conditions Governing ReproductionItems may be copied for personal research use only. If a researcher wishes to publish any documents from this collection, a request must be submitted in writing to the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland.
Creation Dates1591-1954
Extent Medium286 Boxes containing 520 volumes + c 9,300 numbered documents
Material Language ScriptEnglish
Finding Aids A full descriptive list is available online at: Archive Web Link →

Allied Materials

Publication NoteHill, G., An Historical Account of the Plantation in Ulster 1608-1620 (Belfast, 1877) Patterson, T.G.F., 'A Survey of the lands of Niselrath in Co. Louth in 1667' in County Louth Archaeological Journal, Vol. X, 4 (1944),

Descriptive Control Area

Archivist NoteWesley Geddis
Rules/ConventionsISAD(G): General International Standard Archival Description. 2nd ed. Ottawa: International Council on Archives, 2000.
Date of DescriptionsJune 2013, Revised March 2014